F O R T A L C A T R A Z
Civil War Era - US Army Military Fortification
1850's - 1907
15" Rodman Cannon
San Francisco @ Upper Right
In late 1848, everything changed for the new state
of California, and especially for the young
settlement of San Francisco - when GOLD was
discovered in the foothills of the state's prominent
Sierra mountain range - just 150 miles east of
the Golden Gate.
And as a result of the discovery, news traveled
quickly around the world - via the new technology of
the telegraph - and tens of thousands of fortune seekers
, from all points of the compass, boarded ships bound for
the west-coast of America, to start a new life.
The population of San Francisco exploded from an
estimated total of 7,000 men, women, and children - in that
fateful November of 1848 - to an over-whelming 30,000
just two years later!
Fortunately, for the residents of the west
coast's newest city -and it's highly strategic
were already underway by the
U.S.Government to construct
around the harbor,intended to
protect the isolated port from any
Model of 'The Citadel'
Construction of Fort Alcatraz was overseen by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and commenced in 1853.
Major excavations reshaped Alcatraz for decades,
which initially included the painstaking creation of steep,
rocky cliffs around the entire perimeter of the island,
except for the dock area on the east side. This
monumental effort was undertaken to ensure that no
un-invited vessel would be able to land on the island.