F O R T   A L C A T R A Z

  Civil War Era - US Army Military Fortification

                     1850's - 1907

    15" Rodman Cannon

San Francisco @ Upper Right

 

In late 1848, everything changed for the new state

 

of California, and especially for the young

 

settlement of San Francisco - when GOLD was

 

discovered in the foothills of the state's prominent

 

Sierra mountain range - just 300 miles east of

 

the Golden Gate.

 

 

And a  result of the discovery , news traveled

 

 

quickly around the world - via the new technology of

 

 

telegraph - and tens-of-thousands

 

 

of fortune seeking adventurers, from all

 

 

points of the compass, boarded ships bound for  the west-

 

 

coast of the 'New World'  - to start a new life.

 

 

 

The population of San Francisco exploded from an

 

estimated 7,000 men, women, and children - in that fateful

 

 

November of 1848 - to an over-whelming 30,000 just two

 

 

years later!

 

 

Fortunately, for the residents of the west

 

 

coast's  newest  city, and- it's most strategic 

 

 

harbor-SanFrancisco Bay-plans

 

 

were already underway-by the

 

 

U.S.Government to construct

 

 

defensive forifications

 

around the harbor,intended to

 

 

protect the isolated port from any

 

 

sea-faring invaders.     

 

(to be continued. . .)